Blepharitis is a chronic inflammation of the eyelids and eyelash follicles that can be caused by:
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Bacterial infection
- Dry eyes
- Poor eyelid hygiene
These causes are associated with increased oil production of the glands near the eyelid, which traps bacteria and dirt, causing scaling of the irritated skin and excessive tearing. In addition, the eyelids may become crusty, swollen, itchy and reddened. In more serious cases, the eyelashes may fall out and sores may form on the eyelid. Complications can arise from blepharitis such as the infection spreading to the cornea as well as hastened chalazion and sty formation.
Treatment of blepharitis is usually limited to maintaining better hygiene around the eyelids and lashes. This may include some topical antibiotics and cessation of make-up use, but in many cases gentle cleansing of the area is all that is needed. Warm compresses can also help to lessen the symptoms and soothe the eye’s discomfort.
For more involved or persistent cases, Kalt Goldberg Eye Center does offer BlephEx, the latest technology in the treatment of recurrent or chronic blepharitis and ocular surface disease. This simple in-office procedure allows the doctor to thoroughly cleanse the lashes and lids margins with a precision device and medicated cleansers formulated specifically for this purpose, ridding the area of debris and unblocking glands which can lead to irritation, redness, and tearing if not treated properly.